ANALISIS ANTEGONION INDEKS DAN MENTAL INDEKS PADA SUBJEK HIPERTENSI PENGGUNA AMLODIPINE YANG DI EVALUASI MENGGUNAKAN RADIOGRAF PANORAMIK

Farihah Septina, suharjo Sitam, Lusi Epsilawati
  E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry, pp. 284-292  

Abstract


Pemeriksaan densitas tulang dapat dilakukan menggunakan radiograf panoramik digital menggunakan Antegonion Indeks (AI) dan Mental Indeks (MI). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis keterkaitan antara ketinggian tulang korteks mandibular pd subjek hipertensi dengan / tanpa menggunakan amlodipine, dibandingkan dengan subjek tanpa hipertensi (normal) sebagai kontrol. Metoda pengukuran dilakukan pada radiograf panoramik (30 buah), dengan menggunakan Antegonion indeks dan Mental indeks yang diambil dari rekam medik RSGMP-FKG Unpad, Bandung. 

Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan nilai GI berkisar 0,8 mm; dan pada MI berkisar 1,8-1,9 mm. Analisis statistik menunjukkan, Ketinggian korteks mandibula subjek HT pengguana amlodopin lebih rendah bila dibandingkan dengan subjek HT tidak menggunakan amlodipin (setelah masing-masing dibandingkan dgn kontrol) kondisi normal dengan nilai sig 0,0 dan lebih besar dari α > 0,05. Perbandingan hasil antara ketiga indeks menunjukan angka signifikan berbeda dengan α > 0,05. 

Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah ketinggian korteks mandibula pengguna subjek HT pengguna amlodipin yang diukur dengan AI dan MI  pada radiograf panoramik adalah lebih rendah dari pada subjek HT pengguna amlodipin . Perbandingan antar indeks paling sensitif adalah menggunakan metode Gonion Indeks 


Keywords


Ketinggian tulang alveolar, Antegonion Indeks, Mental Indeks, radiograf panoramic, hiper tensi, amlodipine

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