E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry 2023-06-29T16:36:47+00:00 drg. Ariyati Retno Pratiwi, M.Kes. Open Journal Systems <h2><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry, is an Indonesian-language scientific periodicals published by the </span><a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 0.875rem;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Faculty of Dentistry</a><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> University of Brawijaya twice a year on every July and December. The submission process of manuscript is open throughout the year. All submitted manuscripts will go through the double-blind peer review and editorial review before being granted with acceptance for publication.</span></h2> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <p>Designed as a medium of information and scientific knowledge, E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry publishes numerous literatures, research articles, and case studies in the area of Dentist, Dent Healthy, Oral Biology, Biomaterials, Biomedical Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Public Health and Preventive Dentistry, Conservation and Endodontics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Orthodontics, Oral Pathology, Dental Radiology, as well as with their development through interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach.</p> <p>Initially published as PRODENTA Journal of Dentistry (ISSN 2337-3016) on Juner 1st 2013, the Journal was renamed as E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry. In 2017, the magazine had its online published version by the name of E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry, starting with Vol.1 No.1 an online version in accordance with the policy of LIPI.</p> <p>Since 2017, Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia has been using Open Journal System requiring all writers to register in advance before they are allowed to upload the manuscript they write online. Afterwards, the editors, peer reviewers, and writers can monitor the manuscript processing.</p> </div> </div> THE EFFECT OF THE ADDITION OF POLY LACTIC CO GLYCOLIC ACID ON THE POROSITY OF NANOPARTICLE HYDROXYAPATITE - POLIVINYL ALCOHOL SCAFFOLD AS CANDIDATE BONEGRAFT MATERIAL 2023-03-17T05:17:45+00:00 Feni Istikharoh Lalita El Milla Ericka Fairuz Ramadhani <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong> <em>Bone loss has a major impact on the process of placing implants and dentures. Nanoparticle hydroxyapatite (HANP) has better biodegradability and mechanical properties than micro-particle hydroxyapatite. PVA is a synthetic polymer that is cheap, hydrophilic, has high mechanical stability and flexibility but low biodegradability. PLGA is a new synthetic polymer which is widely used in the biomedical, however PLGA has less osteoconductive properties. The ideal scaffold has several important characteristics, one of which is having a porosity of&gt;70%.<strong> Objective: </strong>To know the role of PLGA on the porosity of the scaffold by comparing the porosity of the HANP-PVA scaffold and the HANP-PVA scaffold given PLGA<strong> Methods: </strong>Group 1 was the HANP-PVA scaffold with a content of 20% HANP (w / w). Group 2 was the HANP-PVA scaffold which added 20% (w/w) of PLGA. Both groups were synthesized by freeze drying method at -80<sup>o</sup>C for 24 hours. The porosity test was used the liquid displacement method for 24 hours. Statistical testing using Shapiro Wilk, Levene's test and Independent t-Test<strong> Results: </strong>The porosity of the HANP-PVA scaffold was 77.90% ± 4.51 and the HANP-PVA-PLGA scaffold was 87.55% ± 5.67. The Shapiro-Wilk normality test showed that the data were normally distributed (p&gt; 0.05). The independent t test showed a significant difference between the HANP-PVA and HANP-PVA-PLGA scaffold (p &lt;0.05)<strong> Conclusions: </strong>The addition of PLGA to the scaffold can increase the porosity of the HANP-PVA scaffold. HANP-PVA-PLGA has the potential to accelerate bone regeneration after extraction<strong> </strong></em></p> <p><strong><em>Keyword: </em></strong><em>bone loss</em>, PVA, PLGA, <em>Hydroxyapatite nanoparticle</em></p> <p><strong><br /></strong></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry EFFECT OF LIME PEEL EXTRACT (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) NANOTRANSFERSOME GEL ON THE MMP-9 EXPRESSIONS ON WISTAR RATS ULCER WOUND HEALING 2023-01-25T06:57:36+00:00 Nenny Prasetyaningrum Annisa Pramuditha Ardana <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Traumatic ulcers are generally caused by physical, chemical, or thermal trauma. When an ulcer occurs, wound healing processes such as hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling occur. In the wound healing process, the expression level of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) must be tightly controlled because increased expression of MMP-9 can delay wound healing by degrading the extracellular matrix (ECM) and collagen uncontrollably. Nanotransfersome gel of lime peel extract (Citrus aurantifolia </em>Swingle)<em> contains flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and alkaloids which have anti-inflammatory properties and can accelerate the wound healing process. Nanotransfersomes can improve tissue localization and minimize excessive drug release. <strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aims to determine the effect of lime peel extract nanotransfersome gel on the expression of MMP-9 on wound healing of wistar rats ulcers. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study used 4 groups of wistar rats with time series on days 3 and 7, namely the control group, the treatment group given lime peel extract, the treatment group given lime peel extract nanotransfersome gel, and the treatment group given standardized herbal medicine. Observation of the MMP-9 using 400x magnification. <strong>Result</strong>: Data analysis using One Way Anova test showed that there were significant differences in MMP-9 expression in the treatment groups K7 with P7B and P7A with P7B. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that lime extract nanotransfersome gel can reduce MMP-9 expression in wound healing of wistar rats ulcers.</em><em> </em><em> </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> wound healing, ulcers, nanotransfersome gel of lime peel extract, matrix metalloproteina</em></p> <p><em><br /></em></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE LENGTH OF STUDY AND STUDENT'S PERCEPTION OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE ALARA PRINCIPLE IN FACULTY OF DENTISTRY, UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA 2023-01-12T04:42:27+00:00 Tubagus Agnizarridlo Arifandy Irfan Zidan <p><strong><em>Introductions: </em></strong><em>Radiology plays a vital role in dentistry as a supporting examination. However, dental X-rays pose risks of deterministic and stochastic effects. Therefore, it is necessary to comply with the use of dental X-rays and radiation protection according to the ALARA principle. Perception is the process of receiving messages that are processed into an understanding of the messages received. Meanwhile, compliance is a form of action as the result of the emergence of perceptions with some influencing factors such as the working period. <strong>Purpose: </strong>This research aims to determine the relationship between the length of study and students' perceptions of compliance with the ALARA principle in the Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Brawijawa. <strong>Methods: </strong>This research was conducted through an online survey using social media and the sample was determined using a purposive sampling technique. It used a questionnaire to assess students' perceptions of compliance with the ALARA principle. A total of 196 respondents were selected from three batches adjusted to the target study group. <strong>Results: </strong>The results showed that the average total score of respondents' perceptions of compliance with the ALARA principle was 73.81 (SD=6.16) and respondents were dominated by a high level of compliance (96.43%). The value of this correlation was calculated and analyzed using the Spearman correlation test. The results of the Spearman correlation test showed that the strength of the positive correlation is weak with a significance score of 0.855 (sig &gt; 0.05). <strong>Conclusions: </strong>There is no significant relationship between the length of study and students' perceptions of compliance with the ALARA principle in the Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Brawijawa.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Length of Study, Perception, Compliance, ALARA</em></p> <p><br /><br /></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry DIFFERENCES IN LIP PRINT PATTERN DOMIATY METHOD BY GENDER OF STUDENTS OF DENTAL FACULTY OF BRAWIJAYA UNIVERSITY 2022-11-06T05:45:24+00:00 Astika Swastirani Eriko Prawestiningtyas Farihah Septina Riska Yanti <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Crime or criminal action is an act of harming someone. Criminal action is contrary to legal, social or religious norms. Based on the data from the Central Statistics Agency (CSA), generally, crime cases in Indonesia increased in the 2014-2016 period. Lip prints can be used for forensic identification to resolve criminal cases. Lip prints are a pattern of wrinkles and fissures on the surface of the lip mucosa. The pattern on the lip is different for each individual because it is influenced by factors of gender, race and age. <strong>Purpose: </strong>The purpose of this study is to determine the differences between lip prints pattern using Domiaty method on sexual dimorphism of students of Faculty of Dentistry Brawijaya University. </em><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong> <em>The sample used is taken from 80 people. The subjects’ lip is applied by lipstick then sticked with sticky tape to get lip prints pattern, to be analyzed using Adobe Photoshop CC 2015 software, then classified with Domiaty type. <strong>Results: </strong>The data is analyzed by using Fisher exact test. The result obtained is a significance value of p &lt;0.05. </em><strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> The conclusion from this study is there are differences in lip print patterns between men and women. The dominant lip print pattern found in men is type C, whereas the dominant pattern in women is type H.</em></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 BLOOD VESSELS EVALUATION IN WISTAR RATS LABIAL ULCER AFTER GIVING NANOTRANSFERSOME GEL OF LIME PEEL (CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA SWINGLE) EXTRACT 2023-04-05T09:08:24+00:00 Nenny Prasetyaningrum Sofi Isna Marwati <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>W</em><em>ound healing process has some characteristics, one of them is angiogenesis. Lime peel extract (</em><em>Citrus aurantifolia </em>Swingle<em>) contains </em><em>substances </em><em>that play role in wound healing process. </em><strong><em>Objectives: </em></strong><em>This research aims to </em><em>evaluate the blood vessels in labial ulcer after giving nanotransfersome gel of lime peel (Citrus aurantifolia </em>Swingle) <em>extract</em><em>. </em><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> This research used 32 wistar rats that divided into 8 groups, there are groups that untreated</em><em>, </em><em>groups that treated with lime peel gel extrac</em><em>t</em><em>, lime peel nanotransfersome gel extract</em><em>, </em><em>and </em><em>Aloe vera-based herbal medicine respectively for 3 and 7 days</em><em>. The slide is stained by Hematoxylin Eosin (HE) staining and evaluated using light microscope with 400x magnification by 5 fields. Observation of the number of new blood vessels was indicated by the presence of erythrocytes and endothelial cells which were smaller in size than the main blood vessels. Analysis results showed the significant differences at amount of </em><em>blood vessels</em><em> in every groups (p&lt;0.05) and </em><em>there’s significant correlation at amount of blood vessels in third and seventh days with an increasing correlation coefficient</em><em>, and lime peel extract nanotransfersome gel group has the highest average. </em><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> There is a better effect of nanotransfersome gel of lime peel extract (Citrus aurantifolia </em>Swingle<em>) compared to the control group, treatment with Aloe vera-based drugs, and treatment with lime peel extract gel (Citrus aurantifolia </em>Swingle<em>) on the number of blood vessels in the wound healing process labial mucosa of wistar rats on day 3 and 7.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Wound Healing, Traumatic Ulcer, Lime Peel Extract Nanotransfersome Gel, </em><em>Blood Vessels</em></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF DENTISTRY TOWARD GERIATRIC PATIENTS IN MALANG RAYA 2023-01-12T03:34:29+00:00 Diwya Nugrahini Hapsari Kartika Andari Wulan Yuanita Lely Rachmawati Nahla <p><strong>ABSTRACT </strong></p> <p><strong>Background: </strong>The most common dental and oral problems in the elderly are xerostomia, caries and periodontal disorders. However, treatment and diagnosis in geriatric patients is a challenge because most patients have oral problems accompanied by systemic problems. This matter makes these geriatric patients require special oral health care. Therefore, a dentist must not only have sufficient knowledge but also have good attitudes and skills when providing treatment. <strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the correlation between the attitude and practice of dentists in geriatric patients in Malang Raya. <strong>Methods:</strong> Cross-sectional approach using a Google Form distributed through social media. The number of research samples was 265 respondents with snowball sampling technique. <strong>Result:</strong> Most of the respondents had a fairly good attitude, which was 70.2% and most of the respondents had very good practice criteria, which was 75.8%. Correlative analysis between attitude and practice variables using Spearman test showed p value = 0.123 (p &gt; 0.05). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is no significant correlation between attitude and practice of dentists in geriatric patients in Malang.</p> <p>Keywords: attitude, practice, geriatrics</p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 CHITOSAN GELFOAM COCOA PODHUSK EXTRACT AS POST EXTRACTION THERAPY FOR PATIENT WITH ANTICOAGULANT 2023-01-04T03:31:44+00:00 Astika Swastirani, drg., M.Si Nurul Lail Adha Mutia <p><strong>Background</strong> : Anticoagulants as prophylactic therapy in stroke patients have antithrombotic effect. Extraction of patient's with anticoagulant therapy causes prolonged bleeding. Local hemostatic agents required to stimulate coagulation formation and platelet aggregation. Chitosan gelfoam cocoa podhusk extract is a local hemostatic agent, accelerates hemostasis without affecting consumption of anticoagulants by facilitating proliferation of fibroblasts and lymphocytes, growth of granulation and epithelial tissue, and inducing bone proliferation. Phytochemical components of cocoa podhusk extract are proven contain alkaloids as potential antioxidants that can block reactive oxygen sepsis (ROS). <strong>Objective</strong>: to understand the effect of chitosan gelfoam cocoa podhusk extract in increasing lymphocytes in the tooth socket after extraction in male wistar rats with anticoagulant therapy. <strong>Methods:</strong> The study was conducted on 24 male Wistar rats with anticoagulant therapy divided into eight groups, a negative control group, a positive control group that was given oral tranexamic acid therapy, treatment group 1 with gelfoam chitosan therapy with 1ml cocoa peel extract, and the treatment group. 2 with 10 ml of chitosan gelfoam cocoa peel extract therapy. Animals were decapitated on the 3rd and 7th days, samples were taken and histology preparations were made. Histological observations were carried out using LC Micro software with the analyzes performed were One Way Anova, Post Hoc Turkey, Kruskal Wallis, and Mann Whitney. <strong>Results</strong> : Chitosan gelfoam cocoa podhusk extract at concentrations of 1.6% and 15% proved effective in replacing tranexamic acid as the gold standard for wound healing after tooth extraction with the most effective concentration of 15%.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: chitosan, cocoa, anticoagulant, wound healing, lymphocytes</p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Metal Frame Removable Partial Denture with Swing Lock Design as a Periodontal Splint Treatment 2023-04-27T07:57:13+00:00 Andi Adytha MIR Heri Siswanto Dharma Satya Aprianto Chaerita <p>Providing the best denture treatment for patients with tooth mobility is quite challenging and requires a collaboration between the prosthodontist and periodontist. This study aims to describe the use of a metal frame removable partial denture with a swing lock as a suitable treatment option for individuals who suffer periodontal disease-related with tooth mobility. The case is a 55-year-old male patient complained of mobility and several diastemas in his lower front teeth. The patient claimed to regularly visit an internist for checks despite having diabetes mellitus. The patient asked to get his teeth fixed. He wanted to properly chew his food while wearing the denture. Treatments for the patient included DHE, scaling, and root planing. A bone transplant and periodontal flap operation were subsequently planned for the patient the following week. A metal-frame partial denture with a swing lock will be the patient's final treatment. Metal frame partial denture is one of the treatment options as a periodontal splint to treat the tooth with mobility. Metal frame partial denture with swing lock is an alternative treatment for conditions related to periodontal disease that require optimum stabilization.</p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 VENEER INDIRECT ALL PORCELAIN SEBAGAI PERAWATAN MULTIPLE DIASTEMA DAN DISKOLORISASI GIGI 2023-01-11T04:23:17+00:00 Fani Pangabdian Diana Soesilo Chandra Sari Kurniawati <p><strong><em>Background </em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> tooth discoloration and diastema multiple on anterior teeth are very disturbing appearance of a person. Aesthetically it can reduce the patient’s self-confidence, personality and social life. Composite resin can cover tooth discoloration and imperfect tooth shape. However, these restorations have a limited timeframe which reduces their aesthetics. </em><strong><em>Objective </em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> this case report informs that cases of tooth discoloration and imperfect teeth can be treated with indirect porcelain veneers with long lasting result and superior aesthetics. </em><strong><em>Methode </em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong><em> A 40-year-old female patient complained of multiple diastema on upper anterior teeth and yellow and dark patches. Patient wants to improve aesthetics with durable materials. Management was carried out by filling in informed consent, B4 color matching, making mock-up models, preparation of porcelain veneers, making temporary veneers directly with composite resins, trial porcelain veneers with variolink composite resin, etching, application of flowable composite resin, checking for occlusion and articulation. <strong>Result:</strong> discoloration and a corrected anterior dental diastema were seen. </em><em>N</em><em>o complaints of pain, no complaints percussion, gingiva looked normal, no discoloration on the indirect veneer results (good condition veneer). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> discoloration and diastema were successfully treated with indirect all porcelain veneers. The patient was very satisfied because his teeth looked tight and had the same color as natural teeth.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Key</em></strong><strong><em>words: </em></strong><em>tooth discoloration, indirect veneer, esthetic restoration, multiple diastema, all porcelain</em></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 RELAPSE MOVEMENT AFTER ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT 2023-04-05T08:12:05+00:00 Tita Ratya Utari Atiek Driana Rahmawati Rohma Dwi Hartini <p><strong><em>Introduction:</em></strong><em> Orthodontic treatment is one of treatment in the field of dentistry by moving the teeth to correct malocclusion and malposition of the teeth. After treatment is complete, there is still the possibility of relapse, which is the process of moving the teeth to their original position before orthodontic treatment. It is still a complex problem after the end of orthodontic treatment. <strong>Objective:</strong> This literature review aims to examine the process and mechanism of relapse so that it can be additional information in efforts to prevent relapse. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Relapse can occur due to various factors and relapse occurs rapidly on day 1 to day 24 after removal of the orthodontic appliance. Orthodontic tooth movement and relapse movement will show an increase in the number of osteoclasts in areas of stress and a decrease in the number of osteoclasts in areas of tension. This suggests that alveolar bone remodeling is an important element in the process of relapse. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Efforts to deal with relapse need to be carried out with various approaches, including pharmacologically which can affect the alveolar bone remodeling process, especially in osteoclast cells which play a role in the process of tooth relapse movement.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> orthodontic treatment, tooth movement, relapse</em></p> 2023-06-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 E-Prodenta Journal of Dentistry